The City of Plattsburgh is a community that is extraordinary in its orientation to Lake Champlain and the Saranac River. Two internationally important events – the Battle of Valcour Island in 1776 and the Battle of Plattsburgh Bay in 1814 – have shaped the city’s history. Residents value and celebrate the significance of their rich heritage. Based largely on Samuel de Champlain’s visit to the area in 1609, the Champlain Valley was French until 1763.
Plattsburgh traces its roots back to the year 1784 when Zephaniah Platt of Poughkeepsie and his associates, including two of his brothers, obtained a state grant of nearly 33,000 acres of land along the Saranac River. In March 1785 Charles Platt and the first group of settlers arrived to build their cabins and mills. In 1788, the state legislature created Clinton County, and in 1815 the legislature made a village at Plattsburgh, geographically and politically separate from the rest of the town. The village became a city in 1902.
The former Plattsburgh Barracks was in active use from 1814 to 1995. Its historic structures and picturesque grounds are now open to the public. In 1915, prior to American involvement in the First World War, the barracks gave rise to the movement for civilian military preparedness that became known as the “Plattsburgh Idea,” the predecessor to today’s ROTC.
Riverside Cemetery on Steltzer Road contains the graves of British and American officers killed in the Battle of Plattsburgh. Also buried here are many Plattsburgh notables, including Zephaniah and Charles Platt, Peter Sailly, Henry Delord, William Bailey, Benjamin Mooers, Lucretia Davidson, and Smith Weed.
American Battlefield Protection Program
The City recently completed a comprehensive archeological assessment of six key Revolutionary War and War of 1812 sites to develop a reference document to support and develop our region's heritage tourism goals. Sites studied were; Valcour Island, Crab Island, Fort Brown, Fort Moreau, Fort Scott, and Plattsburgh Bay.
To learn more about our region's rich history click the link, ABPP Document.